Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum
A Global Response to the Challenge of Climate Change
The international Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) is a voluntary climate initiative of developed and developing nations that account for about 77 percent of all manmade carbon dioxide emissions.
Formed in 2003, the CSLF marshals intellectual, technical and financial resources from all parts of the world to support the long-term goal of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - the stabilization of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations in this century. Members are dedicated to collaboration and information sharing in developing, proving safe, demonstrating and fostering the worldwide deployment of multiple technologies for the capture and long-term geologic storage of carbon dioxide at low costs. Members also work towards establishing a companion foundation of legislative, regulatory, administrative, and institutional practices that will ensure safe, verifiable storage for as long as millennia.
CSLF members engage in cooperative technology development aimed at enabling the early reduction and steady elimination of the carbon dioxide which constitutes more than 60 percent of such emissions - the product of electric generation and other heavy industrial activity. In 2005, the Forum and the technologies it seeks to develop were identified by international bodies as pivotal in dealing with greenhouse gases and their ultimate stabilization. In July 2005, the G-8 Summit endorsed CSLF in its Gleneagles Plan of Action on Climate Change, Clean Energy and Sustainable Development, and identified it as a medium of cooperation and collaboration with key developing countries in dealing with greenhouse gases.
Similar designations were also made in bilateral activities that include the joint statement of the U.S.-European Union Summit on Energy Security, Energy Efficiency, Renewables and Economic Development, and the Mainz Declaration of Germany and the United States on Cleaner and More Efficient Energy, Development and Climate Change.
In 2006 and 2007, the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the CSLF held a series of three workshops for invited experts from around the world on the topic of near-term opportunities for carbon capture and storage (CCS). Resulting recommendations from these workshops were formally adopted by the CSLF and were sent forward to G8 leaders. A report summarizing these results can be found on the CSLF website.
Geologic storage at great depths is possible in depleted and declining oil fields. In addition, this storage can enhance near-term supply by boosting recovery and also increasing reserves by making more petroleum recoverable in: natural gas fields; unmineable coal seams, which may add to natural gas supply by displacing methane for recovery and use; saline reservoirs which underlie much of the world; and other significant geologic formations such as basalt.
Preliminary findings indicate the world's potential storage capacity is sufficient to hold all emissions for several centuries and that there is a good match between large-scale carbon dioxide sources and storage formations. In September 2005, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published its Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage which found that technology can capture up to 90 percent of carbon dioxide in large-scale applications; and storage can account for up to 55 percent of the emissions reduction needed to achieve atmospheric stabilization.
Many CSLF recognized projects are meant to identify and further quantify the potential of storage sites. At present, 36 projects have received CSLF recognition. Further information on all projects can be found on the CSLF website.
The Forum involves the world's major users and producers of fossil energy in collaborative, constructive activity on the main greenhouse gas. CSLF member countries represent approximately 60% of the world's population. Members represent the world's largest blocs of economic activity, including the North America Free Trade Area, the European Union and the leading economies of Asia.
Members include: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Denmark, the European Commission, France, Germany, Greece, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
The CSLF Ministers met most recently in September 2011 in Beijing, China. In addition to calling for additional CCUS projects on a global scale, the CSLF Ministers:
For more information on upcoming meetings and events, please visit the CSLF website.
- Agreed to extend and amend the CSLF Charter to include facilitation and deployment of technologies for utilization of captured carbon dioxide;
- Welcomed additional international collaborations on CCUS through the International Energy Agency, Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute, the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) and multilateral financial institutions;
- Supported strategies for the CSLF to resolve barriers for successful implementation of CCUS projects at a time of significant global economic challenge; and
- Strongly encouraged continued involvement of stakeholders from industry, academia, and society in the CSLF and its activities.